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新加坡死亡数据分析

新加坡的数据公开做得很好,很多数据都可以从政府的网站下载。之前提到过在新加坡被狗咬没有打疫苗的问题,WHO的数据说新加坡的狂犬病存在于蝙蝠中,而不存在于狗中。今天这个数据更可以说明新加坡被狗咬得狂犬病的几率确实很小,至少在数据公布的几年新加坡没有狂犬病致死案例。

新加坡的死亡数据可以从这里下载。下面我们对数据进行处理。

死亡原因的分类

ICD 大分类如下(共19个大类):

icd_main Description
1-001 Certain infection and parasitic diseases(A10-B99)
1-026 Neplasms(C00-D48)
1-048 Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism(D50-D89)
1-051 Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases(E00-E88)
1-055 Mental and behavioural disorders(F01-F99)
1-058 Diseases of the nervous system(G00-G98)
1-062 Diseases of the eye and adnexa(H00-H57)
1-063 Diseases of the ear and mastoid process(H60-H93)
1-064 Diseases of the circulatory system(I00-I99)
1-072 Diseases of the respiratory system(J00-J98)
1-078 Diseases of the digestive system(K00-K92)
1-082 Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue(L00-L98)
1-083 Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue(M00-M99)
1-084 Diseases of the genitourinary system(N00-N98)
1-087 Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium(O00-O99)
1-092 Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period(P00-P96)
1-093 Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities(Q00-Q99)
1-094 Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified(R00-R99)
1-095 External causes of morbidity and mortality(V01-Y89)

ICD 细分类如下(共91个小类),附在了网页的最后。

每年死亡人数按性别分类

数据中2013和2014年度都有几个性别未知的案例,不知道是何缘故。总体看起来这三年死亡人数都有小幅增长,同时明显男性的死亡人数大于女性。

死亡的年龄段分布

虽然男性死亡数量每年都大于女性,但是遗憾的是,死亡按照年龄分类死亡最多的却是老年女性。男性的死亡人数都是通过从20岁开始不断累积的差值超过女性的总死亡人数的。(好犀利的事实啊-_-)

死亡原因

可以看到,主要的致死原因是循环系统疾病,其中男性多余女性(柱状图是按照人数多少绘制的,人数多的分类会排在底部,所以基本上橘黄色都在底部)。 比较有意思的是1-095,也就是由外力导致的死亡男性远多于女性,而1-084,也就是泌尿生殖系统疾病则是女性多于男性。各个分类的含义和相应的死亡人数附在了图的下面,供大家参考。

icd_main Description deaths
1-064 Diseases of the circulatory system(I00-I99) 17499
1-026 Neplasms(C00-D48) 17290
1-072 Diseases of the respiratory system(J00-J98) 12001
1-095 External causes of morbidity and mortality(V01-Y89) 2872
1-084 Diseases of the genitourinary system(N00-N98) 2852
1-078 Diseases of the digestive system(K00-K92) 1314
1-051 Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases(E00-E88) 828
1-001 Certain infection and parasitic diseases(A10-B99) 661
1-058 Diseases of the nervous system(G00-G98) 445
1-082 Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue(L00-L98) 319
1-083 Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue(M00-M99) 193
1-094 Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified(R00-R99) 190
1-093 Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities(Q00-Q99) 151
1-092 Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period(P00-P96) 129
1-048 Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechani sm(D50-D89) 57
1-055 Mental and behavioural disorders(F01-F99) 6
1-087 Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium(O00-O99) 3
1-063 Diseases of the ear and mastoid process(H60-H93) 2
1-062 Diseases of the eye and adnexa(H00-H57) 0

按照细分分类的死亡人数统计见下图,排名前五的死亡原因是肺炎、缺血性心脏病、脑血管疾病、呼吸系统肿瘤和剩余的泌尿生殖系统疾病。肺炎作为第一致死病因,女性稍微多于男性。心脑血管疾病男性则大幅超过女性。

下图给出了按性别分类的死亡原因柱状图。各个分类的含义和相应的死亡人数也附在了图的下面,供大家参考(未列出的分类标识没有该原因的死亡案例,比如狂犬病)。

icd_3byte Description deaths
1-074 Pneumonia(J12-J18) 10288
1-067 Ischaemic heart diseases(I20-I25) 9010
1-069 Cerebrovascular diseases(I60-I69) 5014
1-034 Malignant neoplasm of trachea, bronchus and lung(C33-C34) 3783
1-086 Remainder of diseases of the genitourinary system(N17-N98) 2791
1-030 Malignant neoplasm of colon, rectum and anus(C18-C21) 2414
1-066 Hypertensive diseases(I10-I13) 1802
1-046 Remainder of malignant neoplasms 1769
1-031 Malignant neoplasm of liver and intrahepatic bile ducts(C22) 1681
1-076 Chronic lower respiratory diseases(J40-J47) 1384
1-036 Malignant neoplasm of breast(C50) 1344
1-101 Intentional self-harm(X60-X84) 1304
1-068 Other heart diseases(I26-I51) 1045
1-029 Malignant neoplasm of stomach(C16) 992
1-032 Malignant neoplasm of pancreas(C25) 935
1-052 Diabetes mellitus(E10-E14) 792
1-027 Malignant neoplasm of lip, oral cavity and pharynx(C00-C14) 712
1-081 Remainder of diseases of the digestive system 661
1-096 Transport accidents(V01-V99) 551
1-080 Diseases of the liver(K70-K76) 529
1-071 Remainder of diseases of the circulatory system(I71-I99) 519
1-040 Malignant neoplasm of prostate(C61) 512
1-043 Non-Hodgkins lymphoma(C82-C85)) 512
1-045 Leukaemia(C91-C95) 491
1-097 Falls(W00-W19) 455
1-061 Remainder of diseases of the nervous system(G04-G25,G31-G98) 435
1-103 All other external causes 409
1-039 Malignant neoplasm of ovary(C56) 396
1-082 Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue(L00-L98) 319
1-077 Remainder of diseases of the respiratory system 314
1-028 Malignant neoplasm of oesophagus(C15) 293
1-047 Remainder of neoplasms(D00-D48) 249
1-037 Malignant neoplasm of cervix uteri(C53) 239
1-042 Malignant neoplasm of meninges, brain and other parts of central nervous system(C70-C72) 239
1-038 Malignant neoplasm of other and unspecified parts of uterus(C54-C55) 231
1-041 Malignant neoplasm of bladder(C67) 208
1-083 Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue(M00-M99) 193
1-094 Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified(R00-R99) 190
1-012 Septicaemia(A40-A41) 159
1-093 Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities(Q00-Q99) 151
1-005 Respiratory tuberculosis(A15-A16) 147
1-020 Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease(B20-B24) 141
1-044 Multiple myeloma and malignant plasma cell neoplasms(C90) 140
1-092 Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period(P00-P96) 129
1-079 Gastric and duodenal ulcer(K25-K27) 124
1-033 Malignant neoplasm of larynx(C32) 86
1-003 Diarrhoea and gastroenteritis of presumed infectious origin(A09) 73
1-065 Acute rheumatic fever and chronic rheumatic heart diseases(I00-I09) 70
1-035 Malignant melanoma of skin(C43) 64
1-085 Glomerular and renal tubulo-interstitial diseases(N00-N15) 61
1-025 Remainder of certain infectious and parasitic diseases 60
1-098 Accidental drowning and submersion(W65-W74) 49
1-100 Accidental poisoning by and exposure to noxious substances(X40-X49) 49
1-102 Assault(X85-Y09) 40
1-050 Remainder of diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism(D65-D 89) 39
1-070 Atherosclerosis(I71) 39
1-054 Remainder of endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases 36
1-006 Other tuberculosis(A17-A19) 29
1-019 Viral hepatitis(B15-B19) 19
1-049 Anaemias(D50-D64) 18
1-017 Other arthropod-borne viral fevers and viral haemorrhagic fevers(A90-A94,A96-A99) 16
1-099 Exposure to smoke, fire and flames(X00-X09) 15
1-004 Other intestinal infectious diseases(A01-A08) 12
1-075 Other acute lower respiratory infections(J20-J22) 9
1-057 Remainder of mental and behavioural disorders(F01-F09,F20-F99) 6
1-059 Meningitis(G00,G03) 6
1-073 Influenza(J09-J11) 6
1-060 Alzheimers disease(G30) 4
1-011 Meningococcal infection(A39) 2
1-021 Malaria(B50-B54) 2
1-063 Diseases of the ear and mastoid process(H60-H93) 2
1-089 Other direct obstetric deaths(O10-O92) 2
1-010 Whooping cough(A37) 1
1-088 Pregnancy with abortive outcome(O00-O07) 1

逐年龄段的死亡原因

下面给出按照IDC大类各个年龄段的死亡原因。不说什么了,大家各自珍重吧!

IDC 的细分分类列表

icd_3byte Description
1-002 Cholera(A00)
1-003 Diarrhoea and gastroenteritis of presumed infectious origin(A09)
1-004 Other intestinal infectious diseases(A01-A08)
1-005 Respiratory tuberculosis(A15-A16)
1-006 Other tuberculosis(A17-A19)
1-007 Plague(A20)
1-008 Tetanus(A33-A35)
1-009 Diphtheria(A36)
1-010 Whooping cough(A37)
1-011 Meningococcal infection(A39)
1-012 Septicaemia(A40-A41)
1-013 Infections with a predominantly sexual mode of transmission(A50-A64)
1-014 Acute poliomyelitis(A80)
1-015 Rabies(A82)
1-016 Yellow fever(A95)
1-017 Other arthropod-borne viral fevers and viral haemorrhagic fevers(A90-A94,A96-A99)
1-018 Measles(B05)
1-019 Viral hepatitis(B15-B19)
1-020 Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease(B20-B24)
1-021 Malaria(B50-B54)
1-022 Leishmaniasis(B55)
1-023 Trypanosomiasis(B56-B57)
1-024 Schistosomiasis(B65)
1-025 Remainder of certain infectious and parasitic diseases
1-027 Malignant neoplasm of lip, oral cavity and pharynx(C00-C14)
1-028 Malignant neoplasm of oesophagus(C15)
1-029 Malignant neoplasm of stomach(C16)
1-030 Malignant neoplasm of colon, rectum and anus(C18-C21)
1-031 Malignant neoplasm of liver and intrahepatic bile ducts(C22)
1-032 Malignant neoplasm of pancreas(C25)
1-033 Malignant neoplasm of larynx(C32)
1-034 Malignant neoplasm of trachea, bronchus and lung(C33-C34)
1-035 Malignant melanoma of skin(C43)
1-036 Malignant neoplasm of breast(C50)
1-037 Malignant neoplasm of cervix uteri(C53)
1-038 Malignant neoplasm of other and unspecified parts of uterus(C54-C55)
1-039 Malignant neoplasm of ovary(C56)
1-040 Malignant neoplasm of prostate(C61)
1-041 Malignant neoplasm of bladder(C67)
1-042 Malignant neoplasm of meninges, brain and other parts of central nervous system(C70-C72)
1-043 Non-Hodgkins lymphoma(C82-C85))
1-044 Multiple myeloma and malignant plasma cell neoplasms(C90)
1-045 Leukaemia(C91-C95)
1-046 Remainder of malignant neoplasms
1-047 Remainder of neoplasms(D00-D48)
1-049 Anaemias(D50-D64)
1-050 Remainder of diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism(D65-D89)
1-052 Diabetes mellitus(E10-E14)
1-053 Malnutrition(E40-E46)
1-054 Remainder of endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases
1-056 Mental and behavioural disorders due to psychoactive substance use(F10-F19)
1-057 Remainder of mental and behavioural disorders(F01-F09,F20-F99)
1-059 Meningitis(G00,G03)
1-060 Alzheimers disease(G30)
1-061 Remainder of diseases of the nervous system(G04-G25,G31-G98)
1-062 Diseases of the eye and adnexa(H00-H57)
1-063 Diseases of the ear and mastoid process(H60-H93)
1-065 Acute rheumatic fever and chronic rheumatic heart diseases(I00-I09)
1-066 Hypertensive diseases(I10-I13)
1-067 Ischaemic heart diseases(I20-I25)
1-068 Other heart diseases(I26-I51)
1-069 Cerebrovascular diseases(I60-I69)
1-070 Atherosclerosis(I71)
1-071 Remainder of diseases of the circulatory system(I71-I99)
1-073 Influenza(J09-J11)
1-074 Pneumonia(J12-J18)
1-075 Other acute lower respiratory infections(J20-J22)
1-076 Chronic lower respiratory diseases(J40-J47)
1-077 Remainder of diseases of the respiratory system
1-079 Gastric and duodenal ulcer(K25-K27)
1-080 Diseases of the liver(K70-K76)
1-081 Remainder of diseases of the digestive system
1-082 Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue(L00-L98)
1-083 Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue(M00-M99)
1-085 Glomerular and renal tubulo-interstitial diseases(N00-N15)
1-086 Remainder of diseases of the genitourinary system(N17-N98)
1-088 Pregnancy with abortive outcome(O00-O07)
1-089 Other direct obstetric deaths(O10-O92)
1-090 Indirect obstetric deaths(O98-O99)
1-091 Remainder of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium(O95-O97)
1-092 Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period(P00-P96)
1-093 Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities(Q00-Q99)
1-094 Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified(R00-R99)
1-096 Transport accidents(V01-V99)
1-097 Falls(W00-W19)
1-098 Accidental drowning and submersion(W65-W74)
1-099 Exposure to smoke, fire and flames(X00-X09)
1-100 Accidental poisoning by and exposure to noxious substances(X40-X49)
1-101 Intentional self-harm(X60-X84)
1-102 Assault(X85-Y09)
1-103 All other external causes
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